Different colored berries: white grenache blanc, and pink grenache rose or grenache gris
Main features : Grenache noir is the world’s most widely planted grape used to make red wine, sometimes made into a stand-alone varietal, frequently as a rosé, but most often as a backbone of red blends. Used as a component in nearly all Southern Rhône rosé and red blends, Grenache is probably most notable as the base varietal for Chateauneuf du Pape, Cotes du Rhône and Gigondas. In spite of its fame coming from French wines, Spain is most likely this grape’s origin. Grenache is known by local names (alicante, carignane rousse) in the Mediterranean regions of France. Particularly important in the areas of the Languedoc and Rousillon.
An abundant producer of fruit, grenache habitually will "alternate" a crop of 8 to 10 tons per acre one year and 14 to 16 tons the next. The vine is very sturdy and woody, survives arid and drought conditions better than less vigorous vines. Cool and damp conditions can cause "deadarm" disease in grenache, however, and its compact and well-filled clusters are quite prone to rot. Grenache is also susceptible to shatter or coulure.
Oenological potential : The grenache grape is relatively low in both pigment and malic acid, and oxidizes readily, it is mostly used to "fill out" red blends and soften harsher partners, such as mourvèdre, syrah and carignan.
On its own, grenache makes fleshy, heady, very fruity wines in their youth. They tend to age rapidly, showing tawny colors and prone to The oxidation or maderization after only a relatively short time in bottle. The general character and mouthfeel of Grenache wines are more distinctive and identifyable than any particular aromas or flavors. rustic, fleshy, sweet, dusty, black currant, blackberry
Use : Grown everywhere in southern France it’s the Backbone of most of the wine, white and red. Present in Provence and in Languedoc with Saint Chinian, Corbières and Pic Saint Loup, Grenache is the king in Roussillon, not only for red and white dry wines, but for the wonderful and fortified sweet red wines like Maury and Banyuls, too. The other kingdom for Grenache is southern Côtes du Rhône where Châteauneuf du Pape, Gigondas, Tavel, Lirac and Vacqueyras show the quality of that grape.